Ingrown hairs are different from normal hair in that they grow under the skin without penetrating its surface (Fig. 1). Most often, this situation occurs after hair removal unwanted hair, at least - after shaving. And not all methods of hair removal lead to ingrown hair.
As a rule, ingrown hairs appear only after hair removal using wax or sugar paste (shugaring), or after using mechanical epilators that pull out hairs along with the root. However, there is also another type of ingrown hair, when the hair, coming to the surface, bends and again grows into the skin from its surface (Fig. 2).
Ingrown hair: photo
Ingrown hair: symptoms
The development of ingrown hairs can be accompanied by the appearance of pustules and papules on the skin. Pustules are small, pus-filled bumps (Fig. 3). Papules look like small, round tubercles. Their main difference from pustules is that inside they do not contain pus (Fig. 4).
By and large, and papules, and pustules look in most cases like acne. Also, around the area of ingrown hairs, redness, swelling, pain, or itching may occur. In some cases, the skin around the ingrown hair can darken, that is, hyperpigmentation occurs.
Where does ingrown hair appear most often?
most often they occur on the legs, armpits, neck and face. The most unpleasant problem is ingrown hairs in the bikini area, since there hair is tougher and coarser than on other parts of the body. People with thick, curly hair tend to develop ingrown hair more often than people with thin, blond hair.
As a rule, ingrown hairs are harmless from a medical point of view, however, they cause an unpleasant appearance, and can also often lead to skin infection, scarring, darkening or, on the contrary, discoloration of the skin.
Ingrown hair: causes
The main cause of ingrown hairs are the following methods of hair removal:
- improper shave
- plucking hair
- epilation with sugar paste,
- epilation using wax or wax strips.
In most cases, the cause is too thick a layer of dead skin cells, which later does not allow the hair to penetrate the skin layer onto its surface and, thus, causes the hair to grow sideways (subcutaneously).
In addition, hairs that are cut when shaving close to the surface of the skin and have a sharp tip - can easily pierce the skin and cause a problem of ingrown hair. Friction of hair on cramped clothes only aggravates the situation.
How to get rid of ingrown hairs on the legs -
Sometimes no treatment for ingrown hair is required, because they still make their way through the skin themselves. But if this does not happen, do not despair, because the following methods help to get rid of the ingrown hair on your legs:
Ingrown hairs on legs: photo
1. Pulling hair with tweezers -
Before shaving or hair removal, you can take sterile tweezers and pick out the ingrown hairs (Figure 7). You do not need to pull them out, which will help eliminate the risk of infection, just lift them above the skin surface.
If the hair is too deep under the skin, and you cannot reach it - use a sterile needle, because remove ingrown hair with tweezers in this case is impossible. Gently pierce the skin and hook the hair, and then pull it out.
Important: forceps and needle must be sterile. In addition, if you have sensitive skin or skin prone to scarring, then this method is not suitable for you, so may cause prolonged irritations or scars.
2. Exfoliation of dead skin cells -
Peeling (mechanical peeling with abrasives) is an excellent remedy for ingrown hairs after epilation. In general, make it a rule to make peeling not only before each session of hair removal, waxing or shaving, but also once every 2-3 days after the procedure. Then the question of how to deal with ingrown hair on his legs - you will no longer be worried, and you will forget about this problem.
A thick layer of dead skin cells on the skin of the legs prevents the hairs from penetrating through it, so they have to grow inwards or sideways. Removing dead skin cells, you not only help the hairs to break through the skin, but also make it soft and smooth.
It is very convenient to do mechanical peeling with special gloves or a hard washcloth, since these products do not damage the skin, but gently clean it. Also suitable a variety of soaps, peelings, scrubs and pastes containing small abrasives. But they can cause irritation, redness or an allergic reaction if you have sensitive or allergic skin.
Many people use ordinary products for peeling at home - salt, sugar, soda. These are not the best tools for the face, but they may well be suitable for the body. Add a few drops of essential oil of tea tree, jojoba or lavender and two or three tablespoons of olive oil to half a glass of these bulk substances and process the skin (24stoma.ru).
Important: Be sure to apply moisturizer after mechanical peeling. It will soothe the skin and give it softness and silkiness.
3. Application of chemical peeling -
Chemical peels are special products that contain various acids, for example: glycolic acid, citric and lactic acids, salicylic acid. These substances dissolve the dead layer of skin cells without damaging it. It is necessary to use chemical peels very carefully, since too high concentration of acid and / or too long its application can damage the skin.
For the prevention of the appearance of ingrown hairs, it is enough to conduct superficial peeling (it can also be medium and deep). Read more about the types of peeling, the best methods of its implementation and means - read the articles:
- professional salon peeling,
- preparations for chemical peeling at home
How to remove ingrown hair in the bikini area -
Ingrown hairs in the bikini area cause a lot of inconvenience and discomfort, so below we will look at the main steps on how to remove ingrown hair in the bikini area. The described sequence is applied only if the ingrown hair has not yet led to the development of purulent inflammation of the hair follicles.
STEP 1 - it is necessary to disinfect the area with ingrown hairs. The simplest and most inexpensive means of disinfecting ingrown hair in the bikini area will be rubbing with alcohol.
STEP 2 - soak a towel or other cloth in very hot water, squeeze, apply to the area where there is ingrown hair. Hold the hot cloth until a hair appears on the surface.
STEP 3 - using tweezers, pull out the ingrown hair, or just pull the tip to the surface. Be sure to treat the skin with alcohol after the procedure and wipe it over the next couple of days.
Ingrown hair in the bikini area has become a bump: what to do ...
If the ingrown hair in the bikini area has become a bump - this means that a cyst has formed in the area of the hair follicle of the ingrown hair (Fig.9), or an infection has got into it and a purulent abscess has formed (Fig.10). This disease is called the term "folliculitis". You can see how removed cysts with ingrown hairs inside are removed by a beautician surgeon.
Mild cases of folliculitis sometimes disappear on their own - it is enough to stop shaving or epilating for a while, and to treat the surface of the skin with soft antiseptics, such as tea tree oil. It is more effective to treat inflamed bumps using anti-microbial anti-acne based on benzoyl peroxide, or antibiotics with topical antibiotics (for example, Zenerit, Klenzit).
In some cases, the following low-budget solution can help: dissolve an aspirin pill in a few drops and apply this gruel to the inflamed lump. After a few minutes, gently rub the mush and rinse with warm water. By repeating this procedure, you may be able to reduce inflammation. Naturally, this method will be less effective than professional tools.
If the inflammation in the area of the bumps does not go away within a few days, then you should immediately contact a beautician. In cases where purulent inflammation develops, the doctor will also prescribe oral antibiotics.
Ingrown hair removal: video
Prevent ingrown hairs -
1. Change hair removal method
Ingrown hair after epilation how to get rid: the simplest, correct and effective is to choose another method of removing unwanted hair, in which the hair will not tear itself out with the root, or be cut off when shaving.
The most effective professional hair removal methods in the salon that do not cause the problem of ingrown hair are ...
- laser hair removal
- photoepilation technique,
- epilation technique E.L.O.S.
If the above-mentioned hardware epilation techniques, which are carried out in salons, are too expensive for you, then you can purchase the following models of home epilators that work using the same technologies -
- home photos of epilators,
- home laser epilators.
2. Compliance with the following rules for skin care ...
Observing the simple rules of proper hygiene for skin and hair care will also help reduce or avoid the appearance of ingrown hair:
- Regularly use peels and scrubs -
the most important thing is that before each epilation and shaving it is necessary to rub the skin thoroughly with a wet tough washcloth or a special brush to remove dead skin cells for several minutes. And this should be done not only before the procedure of hair removal, but also regularly every 2-3 after.
- To reduce the risk of ingrown hair after shaving
→ always use shaving gels,
→ Use only sharp razor blades,
→ give preference to single-blade machines,
→ do not overstretch the skin during shaving,
→ do not press hard on the machine, trying to press the blade as tightly as possible to the skin.
Find out which direction to shave is best for your skin. It is usually advised to shave along the hairline, but some patients have noticed that shaving against hair growth, on the contrary, reduced inflammation on their skin. Experiment and look for the best option for you. Rinse the blade each after each pass over the skin. After shaving, rinse the skin and wipe with a special aftershave lotion.
- When using mechanical epilators (pulling out hairs with the root), try to keep the device strictly at a 90 degree angle, and do not rush to walk quickly over the surface of the skin.
We hope that our article on the topic: Ingrown hair on the legs of the treatment was useful to you!
Author: editors of the portal.