Periodontal disease is a gum disease, which is based on the process of vascular sclerosis, which leads to a decrease in oxygen and nutrients, and as a result - slow degeneration of all periodontal tissues occurs (ie, bone tissue around the tooth, periodontal fibers that attach the tooth to bones, as well as soft tissue gums).
Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums, which is accompanied by increasing destruction of the attachment of teeth to the bone and soft tissues of the gums, which leads to the appearance of teeth mobility and the need to remove them. Periodontitis can appear in the region of only 1-2 teeth - in this case it is called localized, or it can be of a generalized nature.
Periodontists are dentists who specialize in the treatment of gingivitis, periodontitis and periodontal disease, i.e. inflammatory gum disease. Also, these specialists should be engaged in the treatment of diseases of the oral mucosa - for example, such as candidiasis, stomatitis, leukoplakia, etc.
If you have bleeding gums when brushing your teeth, this is one of the symptoms of their inflammation, and indicates that the patient has one of the two main inflammatory diseases of the gums, gingivitis or periodontitis.Gums weakened by chronic inflammation are more easily injured, and therefore even during normal brushing of teeth or chewing of solid food, they start to bleed even under the influence of quite ordinary mechanical load.
If your gum moves away from the tooth - this indicates the destruction of the attachment of the gingival margin to the necks of the teeth. Under normal conditions, this attachment is provided by specific epithelial cells, but due to prolonged chronic inflammation of the gums, it can collapse, and then in this case, the gingival margin seems to move away from the teeth.
Why do I need curettage? To understand why it is necessary to do curettage or a patchwork operation, it is necessary to delve a little into the details of the development and course of periodontitis. Periodontitis develops on the background of poor oral hygiene, the presence of a large amount of soft microbial plaque and hard dental deposits.
Depending on the cause, inflammation of the gums can occur either in the area of most teeth (which is typical of gingivitis and chronic generalized periodontitis), or there may be a local inflammatory process that develops in the area of only 1-2 teeth. The latter is typical for localized periodontitis, as well as for periodontitis of the tooth.
Splinting of teeth is one of the methods of treatment of periodontitis, the purpose of which is to strengthen mobile teeth. This goal can be achieved in two ways - firstly, by tying a group of teeth with fiberglass, and secondly, by using dentures. Below we take a closer look at each of these methods.