Primary infection of the eyes with herpes most often occurs in early childhood. The first case of the disease usually proceeds easily and resembles the usual conjunctivitis (Figure 1-3). The latter usually passes quickly without complications and without involving the cornea. If the cornea is still involved, then lacrimation and photophobia join the conjunctiva redness.
What causes herpes? Herpes, which occurs on the skin of the face, the red rim of the lips and the oral mucosa, is caused by the Herpes Simplex virus (herpes simplex virus). It should be noted that the so-called herpes simplex is of 2 types - herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) - causes skin lesions of the face, red border of the lips, oral mucosa, eyes, herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV -2) - causes the so-called genital herpes.
Permanent dry mouth results from a decrease in the moisture content of the oral mucosa, which in most cases is associated with a reduction in the amount of saliva secreted by the salivary glands. Dry mouth is also called the term "dry mouth" (Figure 1). Dry mouth occurs in about 10% of the population (women are most susceptible to it).
Herpes on the lips - a chronic recurrent form of herpes, which is a consequence of infection with the herpes virus in early childhood. After a child has a primary herpetic infection - the herpes virus remains in the body for life, and is periodically activated, causing the formation of a herpetic eruption on the lips and skin around the mouth.
Symptoms such as: burning in the mouth and in the tongue, or when stinging the tongue - can be observed with a number of disorders, both of a dental nature and of diseases of internal organs. Unfortunately, dentists rarely can make the correct diagnosis, because Dentists specializing in oral mucosa diseases are extremely rare.
Acyclovir is the first specific antiviral drug that was invented back in 1977, and immediately became widely used in the treatment of herpes simplex virus (types HSV-1, HSV-2) and shingles. The type of HSV-1 virus causes cold sores on the lips, face skin, oral mucosa, and the HSV-2 type causes mainly genital herpes.
Thrush in the mouth occurs as a result of damage to the oral mucosa by Candida fungi. The development of thrush is most often associated with a decrease in the body's defenses, as well as the deterioration of the local immunity of the oral mucosa. In professional language, this disease has the term - oral candidiasis.
The term "stomatitis" - includes a whole group of diseases of the oral mucosa, which have different causes, but appear mostly the same - most often with erosion and ulcers (aft) on the mucosa, less often - necrosis or the development of only redness of the mucous membrane. The most common form of stomatitis in adults is chronic aphthous stomatitis, which in adulthood most often affects people from 20 to 30 years old (further, its frequency decreases with age), as well as chronic herpetic stomatitis.
The appearance of white spots on the oral mucosa, as well as the appearance of white plaque on the mucous membrane of the gums, tongue, cheeks - indicates the development of diseases of the mucous membranes. White spots on the gums are primarily characteristic of such a disease as Leukoplakia. But the presence of white plaque on the mucous may indicate primarily the development of such a disease as Candidiasis of the oral cavity.
The conditions in which patients have gums that itch, in principle, fall into two categories: either gum pruritus occurs in chronic inflammatory diseases of the gums and mucous membranes, or it may be a result of a local or general allergic reaction. Why gums itch and how to treat it - Below we will analyze in detail the main reasons for which gums in an adult or a child itch, and you will also learn about the necessary therapy in these cases.