Mouthwashes can be a good addition to the care of teeth and gums. They can be divided into several groups. Firstly, rinsing products designed to prevent caries. Such agents usually contain fluorine compounds - sodium fluoride or aminofluoride, less often - calcium compounds (calcium lactate or synthetic hydroxyapatite).
Bleeding of the gums is one of the symptoms of their inflammation, indicating that the patient has one of two inflammatory diseases of the gums, either gingivitis or periodontitis. Most often it occurs during tooth brushing or when chewing hard foods, and is due to the fact that the gums weakened by inflammation are more easily injured in response to mechanical stress.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the marginal part of the gum adjacent to the teeth, including the interdental nipples (Fig. 1-2). In this disease, patients most often complain of bleeding gums, pain when brushing teeth, as well as swelling, redness or cyanosis of the gums. Gingivitis with a predominance of such symptoms in dentists is called the term "catarrhal."
Complaints of weak, friable gums are characteristic of people with low-intensity chronic inflammation of the gums (for example, in chronic gingivitis or periodontitis). With a small degree of severity of inflammation in these patients also occur - bleeding and sore gums when brushing your teeth, as well as swelling, redness or cyanosis of the gingival margin.
Gum disease is a whole group of diseases, among which the most common are gingivitis and periodontitis, less often parodontosis. In the professional language, gum disease is called the term "periodontal disease", and dentists who specialize in treating this pathology are proudly called periodontal doctors.